Liquid Waste Management

Provision of safe water, sanitation, and hygienic conditions are essential for protecting human health during the COVID-19 outbreak. Ensuring good and consistently implemented Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) and waste management practices in communities, homes, schools, marketplaces, and health care facilities will help prevent human-to-human transmission of the virus. The morphology and chemical structure of the COVID-19 virus are similar to those of other human coronaviruses, for which there is evidence about both survival in the environment and effective inactivation measures. 

Best practices in WASH, particularly handwashing with soap and clean water, should be strictly applied and maintained because these provide an important additional barrier to COVID-19 transmission, and spreading of infectious diseases in general. Apart from this, workers should exercise safe social distancing while at work and wear appropriate protective gear. They should also maintain hand hygiene frequently, and avoid touching eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands. Wastewater carried in sewerage systems should be treated in well-designed and well-managed Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs), Septage Treatment Facilities and other wastewater treatment works. Each stage of treatment (as well as retention time and dilution) results in a further reduction of the potential risks from COVID-19.

Government Advisories and Guidelines

S.No Name of Document Aspect Covered Language Type of Document Organization File Link Total views
1 Safe Management of Water Supply and Sanitation Services during COVID-19 Crisis Persistence of the COVID-19 Virus in Drinking Water, Keeping Water Supplies Safe, Safely Managing Wastewater and Faecal Waste, Toilet and Sanitation, Safely Disposing of Greywater or Water from Washing PPE, Surfaces and Floors, and Recommendations for Indian States, UTs, ULBs and Utilities English National Advisory CPHEEO, MoHUA, GoI 1

Practitioners Resources

S.No Name of Document Aspect Covered Language Type of Document Organization File Link Total views
1 Operational Plan for FSTP under COVID19 Emergency Daily measures to be adopted Situations when FSTP operations will be required to be shut down Procedure for Shut Down Resuming the FSTP operations English Operational Guidelines IIHS 2
2 Guidelines for Desludging operators Safety measures to be taken by Desludging operators; -Before leaving home, -At workplace and -After finishing work Required PPE Hand hygiene English Advocacy & Communication IIHS 1
3 Guidelines for Desludging operators Safety measures to be taken by Desludging operators; -Before leaving home, -At work place and -After finishing work Required PPE Hand hygiene Hindi Advocacy & Communication IIHS 1
4 Desludging operators poster Safety measures to be taken by Desludging operators; -Before leaving home, -At work place and -After finishing work English Advocacy & Communication UMC 1
5 Guidelines for FSTP operators Safety measures to be taken by FSTP operators; -Before leaving home, -At work place and -After finishing work Required PPE Hand hygiene English Advocacy & Communication IIHS 1
6 Guidelines for FSTP operators Safety measures to be taken by FSTP operators; -Before leaving home, -At work place and -After finishing work Required PPE Hand hygiene Hindi Advocacy & Communication IIHS 1
7 FSTP operator poster Safety measures to be taken by FSTP operator; -Before leaving home, -At work place and -After finishing work English Advocacy & Communication UMC 1
8 COVID 19 and Sanitation, Wastewater & Water This document enlists and summarises the current understanding, research and evidence on: (a) detection of COVID-19 in drinking water, sewage system, and human waste (b) measures for early detection and predicting spread, (c) the conditions that influence how long the virus remains active, (d) affordable rapid testing options (e) need for safety protocols and so on. English Advocacy & Communication NFSSM Alliance 1
9 Precautions for smooth operations of Decentralised Wastewater Treatment Systems (DWWTs) Things to keep in mind before visiting the plant, Things to keep in mind during the plant operations and Things to keep in mind after plant operations. English Advocacy & Communication CSE, Delhi 1
10 Precautions for smooth operations of Decentralised Wastewater Treatment Systems (DWWTs) Things to keep in mind before visiting the plant, Things to keep in mind during the plant operations and Things to keep in mind after plant operations. Hindi Advocacy & Communication CSE, Delhi 1